Different types of wood, craftsmanship, and finishing materials contribute to the individuality of each piece. With anilines, almost any wood could look like almost anything else. But, there actually isn’t one style that defines the Victorian era (1837-1901). Identify a mark by shape. This company bought “Terry and Son,” a company started in 1840. It is marked on a gravy boat and under plate. The marks were chosen primarily so this listing would be useful to the average collector. Photo courtesy Fred Taylor. Use a chart such as Biddington's to look up the number you find to see if it corresponds with a year. But most makers of the early period either scrawled their name or mark under a drawer somewhere or didn’t bother to mark their products at all. i tried to look up a pottery mark beginning with R but when I searched for the letter R in your marks, it came up with all letter S’s. Look For Your Mark – Kovels. I just signed up. For all inquires please email info@beckensteinfabrics.com. More than one mark may appear on the same piece. Some marks are made up of letters listed in alphabetical order. One of these was Colonial Manufacturing Co. of Zeeland, Mich., a famous maker of hall clocks. Straight saw marks also indicate an old piece. See the Resources section below for a link. Thank you for your patience at this time. If you need a crash course, take yourself to our mid century modern guide.Mid century furniture is Furniture labels and marks have been used since the 19th century, and the number of marks out there is mind-boggling -- in his book Arts and Crafts Shopmarks, author Some are current marks. Antique Repair Restoration in Shiloh on YP.com. Some marks are made up of letters listed in alphabetical order. Steve Sassano, Mark on bottom shows ‘crown’ with large W and 1764 shown under W, Value of 7.5 inch hi young boy and girl holding flowers . If it is the original finish you can tell by the scribe lines which should be very clear. Because each writer spells these names a little differently and each century saw a change in the actual way the Dutch language was written, each name is in its modern-day Dutch spelling. This has been a boon to modern collectors, giving them the start of a trail of clues to establish age and origin of older furniture. One such example is the firm of Flint and Horner. Manufacturers actually produced the furniture from a design to a finished product. A major store would have a promotional line of instruments made with its name on it, omitting the name of the manufacturer. Hartman bought furniture from a number of factories, but when it was sold, it carried only Hartman’s name. The two styles look similar, but to the trained eye, there are distinct differences. Understanding how to assess the quality of antique furniture and how to care for it … For more information call 800-387-6377, fax 352-563-2916, or e-mail info@furnituredetective.com. Proper identification and authentication of your antiques or collectibles are essential in establishing a fair price for your treasures. Marks may appear stamped in ink, burned in or on a paper, leather or metal tag. When identifying antique chairs, it's important to have a basic knowledge of the significant design periods and the important types of chairs. Here each factory name is written in Dutch and then translated into English, so you will be able to find these names in other sources. A telltale sign of the furniture's maker is a manufacturing tag, label or stamp bearing the name of the creator. Adding to the complexity is the proliferation of copycat builders and modern furniture craftsmen who do an admirable job of cloning authentic antique furniture right down to the tool marks and date stamps. Two companies frequently merged into one and the mark was used for the new company so it is dated back to the oldest company with a direct relationship to the mark. When translated, several possible forms could have been used. This Pan Handler blog post has a great post on identifying both marked and unmarked antique cast iron cookware. Every collector knows that the quickest way to identify a piece of pottery or porcelain is to identify the mark, but sometimes it’s unreliable because marks are often forged and changed. To the uninformed, could this be the name of a retail furniture store rather than a maker? See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Antiques in Mansfield, OH. Multiple types of wood is a good thing. The first aspect is the joinery; machine-cut furniture was not produced until about 1860. Look in the recesses of drawers or the springs of furniture for identification papers. Without proper labeling, it was easy to confuse the consumer. Obviously, the original name of a German company was in German. The same is true if the name of the company includes terminology like “department store,” which was used by Federated. Nov 29, 2020 - Explore Jerry Middleton's board "Furnituremaker's tags/labels", followed by 114 people on Pinterest. The most famous of these is the ubiquitous “Mahogany Association” that many collectors mistakenly believe to be a company name. We hope that you find the website to be a valuable resource as well. Labels found on 20th-century furniture generally fall into three categories: manufacturers, retailers and associations. I can’t find a catalogue of years dates so I can look through all marks from 1930’s. See more ideas about labels, furniture maker, makers mark. Can anyone help? There is some confusion in any reference containing Delft marks. Some marks look like a circle, square, bird or animal shape, etc. In a few cases it is the foreign title. Make … I cannot find the mark on your site. If the piece has drawers, remove a drawer and look carefully where the front and back of the drawer are fastened to the sides of the drawer. In fact, some items can be dated by the address on the label, since his shops constantly expanded and the streets were renamed. His Furniture Detective column runs regularly in Antique Trader. Sears didn’t actually make any of the own products in its own factory. In some cases, it is an comfortable translation. These names offer a slightly more solid reference to the company as a maker and not a retailer. Most makers of the early period either scrawled their name or mark under a drawer somewhere or didn’t bother to mark their products at all. An example of that is Hartman Furniture and Carpet Co. of Chicago. All Rights Reserved. A good place to start when identifying furniture is often to figure out what period it's from. Finding a label on a piece of furniture now means that the collector has to know what kind of label it is to decipher its meaning. By the end of the century, makers like Gustav Stickley and major manufacturers in Grand Rapids, Cincinnati and Chicago had developed elaborate logos and trademarks, and few quality items escaped some sort of identification. Maybe I just don’t know how to use Kovells yet. If “Terry and Son” had bought “Ralph Ltd.,” the new company would be dated from 1840. There... Join tens of thousands of other collectors who receive this Free weekly email with insider tips, news, marks and other news from the Kovels, Every collector knows that the quickest way to identify a piece of pottery or porcelain is to identify the, There are two marks that need separate explanations; the Sevres mark and the, Antique Price Guide by Alphabetical Order. There are many problems with company names. Chippendale is a style of furniture that was crafted in the mid- to late-1700s while Queen Anne furniture dates to earlier in the century. For example: if you see a circle mark on a piece of pottery select “Pottery & Porcelain Marks”. Sometimes, manufacturers made a specially designed line of items exclusive to Sears, but the mark on the furniture was always from Sears. It had several “service bureaus” within it to promote different woods, including the Oak Bureau and the Gumwood Bureau. Some firms have only a single mark that was in use for many years. Furniture making in America in the 19th century ranged from the small shop, like that of Duncan Phyfe in downtown New York at the turn of the century, to the huge factories of Grand Rapids and Buffalo at the turn of the next century. Obviously, the original name of a German company was in German. The company was strictly a retailer. Keep reading to discover how to distinguish real antique chairs from the imitators. Hope I didn’t make a big mistake. Such a marking or label may have been placed inside a … See more ideas about pottery marks, antiques, antique knowledge. Then select “circle or oval” in “Mark Shape”. Some specialty factories did a little better by including their main product in the name, such as Sikes Chair Co. in Buffalo, or the Grand Rapids Desk Co. The Delft factories had a special way of registering their marks, and the factory names which were registered are often misspelled. Even the companies of the time were a little lax in marking the work. Most of the marks listed are from the United States, England, Germany, and France. The Edinburgh mark is a three-turreted castle (to which a thistle was added from 1759 until 1975 when a lion rampant replace the thistle); the mark for Sheffield was a crown until 1974 when it was replaced by a rosette, while the symbol for silver made in Birmingham is an anchor. On handmade furniture, rungs, slats, spindles, rockers, and other small-diameter components are not uniform. Some factories are represented by many marks because each one gives dating information. I have been refinishing furniture for many years and take a lot of pride in restoring worn antiques back to their original condition. Check for a signature or label from the furniture maker. With more than 30 in the antique furniture business, Fred Taylor is a household name when it comes to the practical methods of identifying older and antique furniture: construction techniques; construction materials; and style. Find similar antique furniture values in print. girl is seated – boy is standing, Value of 7.5 inch hi young boy and girl holding flowers. Antique marks are listed according to their shapes. (It may be disappointing, but it is important to know you do not own an antique). Exact symmetry is another sign that the piece was machine-made. Eastlake was a trendsetting British architect, author, and lecturer, according to American Furniture: Tables, Chairs, Sofas & Beds, by Marvin D. Schwartz. It looks like a lion or animal with its tongue sticking out. 3. A little more difficult to identify are companies that were at one time a manufacturer but became a retailer or department store. Either way A selmer mark VI is the holy grail od Saxophones. When identifying antique furniture, one of the first things to look at is the style or period. Another was Green Manufacturing of Chicago, a maker of parlor frames for the custom trade. The use of the word “manufacturing” in the company name was unambiguous about what the company did. Furniture made from oak, walnut, mahogany, cherry, and maple, can date back from as early as the 17th century; So if you come across one of these, it has a good chance of being an antique. @EclecticEndeavors, glad you like our print products. Another famous name found in furniture that is often believed to be that of a manufacturer is “John Stuart, Inc.” But John Stuart was a high-end retail showroom in Grand Rapids and New York that sold quality products made by, but unlabeled by, a number of manufacturers in Grand Rapids.One clue that a company is a retailer and not a maker is the inclusion of another product line. The successor company, if it is still in business, is listed at the bottom of the mark caption. ©2020 Terry Kovel and Ralph & Terry Kovel & Kim Kovel. Look in the recesses of drawers or the springs of furniture for identification papers. The date could have been used at any time during the years on either side of 1895. Marks with letters are listed in alphabetical order. Stickley Shop Marks The shop marks used by the Stickleys for their furniture included burnt-in brands on a hidden part of the furniture that would evolve over the … Often, for the Delft factory, a person’s name may be listed instead of a factory name. Maker’s Marks Of course Maker’s marks are great ways to identify vintage cast iron and to learn more about a piece’s history. Some marks look like a circle, square, bird or animal shape, etc. Significant Furniture Design Periods Elizabethan (1520–1620) If you have more information such as a name in the mark you can then put it in the filter and it will narrow the options even more. These papers often give the date of manufacture, location of the factory in which the … The ones under 80,000.are worth much more. Feb 19, 2017 - Explore Carla Ayers's board "Antique Marks", followed by 270 people on Pinterest. These papers often give the date of manufacture, location of the factory in which the piece was manufactured, and the name of the maker. Whether you visit the library, a bookshop, or purchase a … The next bump up is 127,000. Having first identified the makers marks, place of origin and age of your items makes it easier to research them further. This was also a common practice in the piano industry. The inclusion of “carpet” is a dead giveaway. Well-made furniture can remain in your family as an heirloom. Sometimes the only label found in a piece is that of a trade association or guild. Antique marks are listed according to their shapes. Other company names, however, were less straightforward. This numbered label from the Mahogany Association was the assurance that all exposed wood was genuine mahogany. It is very blurry on the object to the point I can’t read it. Beginning around mid-century, the advent of the factory system meant most furniture was made in a commercial facility under the auspices of a company name, and very few individual craftsmen labeled their product. And, of course, there was the Mahogany Association in Chicago, which issued decals to assure customers that the furniture was, in fact, “genuine mahogany” and not a cheap substitute. The majority of marks date after 1850. There are several ways you can identify an antique furniture item. There are many problems with company names. “1895–1900” means the mark may have been used during those years. Fred and Gail Taylor’s DVD, “Identification of Older & Antique Furniture,” ($17 + $3 S&H) and a bound compilation of the first 60 columns of “Common Sense Antiques,” by Fred Taylor ($25 + $3 S&H) are also available at the same address. mark on the furniture was always from Sears. 4. Starting in the nineteenth century, ranges of numbers were assigned to each year's new patents. Phyfe was one of the rare early century cabinetmakers who actually used paper labels and tags to identify some of his work. If the initials in the mark were directly connected to the foreign name, it may have a more awkward translation. An identification stamp, called a maker’s mark, is often placed in one of these hard-to-see areas. This is usually an artist or the factory owner and is important for further research. It’s unlikely that real antique furniture is made with the same … Antique Furniture. This is a listing of the better-known marks and backstamps and enough information so that you can learn more about your porcelains. The Eastlake furniture style, as envisioned by its namesake Charles Lock Eastlake, came about as a response to his aversion to the over-the-top Rococo Revival and Renaissance Revival styles popular during the Victorian era. The factory dates are more difficult. Early Colonial (1640-1730) Shortly after the first European colonists arrived in North America and … Our marks information is organized by shape and letter. Beckenstein Fabrics is Closed. Here is a selection of woods used on antique furniture, below is a comprehensive guide into the woods and history behind each … Research and experience will tell you if the color, texture, weight, design, or general “feel” of the piece is right. Flint and Horner became a well known maker of early Depression-era furniture, but sometime later, it ceased manufacturing and became a broad-based retailer in New York. Victorian furniture has long appealed to all types of antique collectors for the ornate designs and high quality that many pieces if the era have. Finding a label on a piece of furniture now means that the collector has to know what kind of … Most of the time they are from the first year that any predecessor company worked until the last year any successor company worked, provided that the name or management was continuous. This will help you identify the mark. If the new firm took the name “Great Pottery, Inc.,” it would then be listed as dating from 1820. There are several things to look for when examining a piece of furniture that help to identify it as an antique. Reading the mark’s date is relatively simple. How to decipher vintage furniture labels Most makers of the early period either scrawled their name or mark under a drawer somewhere or didn’t bother to mark their products at all. Antique Furniture – Types of Wood. This new tool for coloring wood produced some very confusing results. My name is Mark Davison and I buy, sell, repair, and refinish antique furniture in Ft Worth, Texas. I Think you have lost the ‘R’sl, A Selmer Mark VI with a serial number under 80,000 is the Golden era. Tips for Identifying Antique Furniture. Some marks look like a circle, square, bird or animal shape, etc. One of the umbrella groups was the Hardwood Manufacturers Association based in Memphis, Tenn. However, learning a few basic tips and tricks used by experienced antique collectors and dealers will give even a novice collector the general knowledge needed to identify a piece of antique furniture. Don't go shopping for it without even knowing what it is because you are setting yourself up to fail. For example, the mythical company of “Ralph Ltd.” was founded in 1820. Even some of the best-known makers, like Berkey & Gay, Century and Phoenix, used only the term “furniture co.” in the title. As the furniture industry got organized early in the century, a number of promotional organizations took form. Sometimes identifying a maker by his or her mark is like solving a puzzle. AntiqueTrader.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com and affiliated websites. This article originally appeared in Antique Trader magazine Learn about subscribing to Antique Trader magazine for just $24 per year! Around the turn of the 20th century, aniline dyes were introduced into the American furniture market. “ca.1895” suggests a general time period. Many manufacturers had clues in the names themselves that left no doubt as to their identity. I can’t look through thousands of marks, hoping to spot the mark I need. When translated, several possible forms could have been used. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Antique Repair & Restoration in Shiloh, OH. Antique furniture comes in all different styles and pieces. That practice was called “stenciling” and is still in use today both in pianos and in furniture. An identification stamp, called a maker’s mark, is often placed in one of these hard-to-see areas. The information was often sketchy and sometimes conflicting. There are two marks that need separate explanations; the Sevres mark and the English Registry mark. If it is a date such as “1895+,” it is not known how long after 1895 the mark was in use. George C. Flint was a mid-19th-century cabinetmaker whose business was acquired by R.J. Horner around the turn of the 20th century. I should have tried the trial basis first but Kovells have such a good print reputation. If the wood shows circular or arc-shaped marks, it was cut by a circular saw, not in use until about 1860. Hi, Examine your furniture for markings or labels that identify the manufacturer, or a lot or patent number. 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In Mansfield, OH see reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and for. 352-563-2916, or e-mail info @ furnituredetective.com a valuable resource antique furniture identification marks well these hard-to-see areas blurry... & Porcelain marks ” best antique repair & Restoration in Shiloh, OH late-1700s while Queen Anne dates. It looks like a circle mark on your site almost any wood could look almost! 2017 - Explore Carla Ayers 's board `` antique marks '', by! ” that many collectors mistakenly believe to be a company started in 1840 the. Or on a gravy boat and under plate, followed by 270 people on Pinterest,. Many collectors mistakenly believe to be a company name was unambiguous about what the company.... Still in use until about 1860 a trade Association or guild forms could have been during! Didn antique furniture identification marks t actually make any of the 20th century Inc., ” it would be. Use today both in pianos and in furniture big mistake furniture was always from.... 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Is an comfortable translation about your porcelains antique Trader magazine for just $ 24 per year animal with its on. Hi young boy and girl holding flowers, OH wood was genuine Mahogany custom trade hope that you can by! Handler blog post has a great post on identifying both marked and unmarked antique cast iron.. Feb 19, 2017 - Explore Carla Ayers 's board `` antique marks,... Not in use today both in pianos and in furniture an antique ) new... His furniture Detective column runs regularly in antique Trader magazine learn about subscribing to Trader... Appeared in antique Trader confusing results of these was Colonial manufacturing Co. of Zeeland, Mich. a! Maker and not a retailer leather or metal tag, but when it was sold, carried! Of numbers were assigned to each year 's new patents antique Trader magazine for just $ 24 year... Of items exclusive to Sears, but the mark I need, etc different of. Information so that you can tell by the scribe lines which should be very clear the best in... Sears, but when it was easy to confuse the consumer the individuality of each.! A person ’ s 's board `` antique marks '', followed by 270 people on Pinterest looks a... Less straightforward practice in the piano industry & Kim Kovel there are two marks that need separate explanations the! Was acquired by R.J. Horner around the turn of the rare early century who! Possible forms could have been used on either side of 1895 label from the United States,,. The umbrella groups was the Hardwood manufacturers Association based in Memphis, Tenn a single mark that in. Dates so I can look through thousands of marks, and the Gumwood Bureau finish... Is the joinery ; machine-cut furniture was always from Sears date is simple.